New Tunneling State Of Water Molecules Found

Unmatched by any known gas, liquid or solid states, unique and unexpected behavior of water molecules under extreme confinement has been revealed by neutron scattering and computational modeling. Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers have reported a new tunneling state of water molecules confined in hexagonal ultra-small channels, 5 angstrom across, of the mineral beryl. An angstrom is 1/10-billionth of a meter, and individual atoms are typically about 1 angstrom in diameter. [Read More]

Great Barrier Reef Now 50% Dead Or Dying

More bad news for one of Earth’s largest marine eco-systems. As unprecedented mass bleaching spreads across Australia‚Äôs coral reefs, more than half of the corals in many parts of the Great Barrier Reef are dead or dying. Corals consist of tiny animals, known as polyps, which have microscopic plants from the genus Symbiodinium, living inside their cells. The polyps are translucent, but the tiny plants (referred to as symbionts) inside them are brightly colored, and give healthy coral reefstheir robust hue. [Read More]